By Gordon D. Fee
Dr. Fee's statement on 1 and a pair of Timothy and Titus, initially a part of the excellent news remark sequence, is revised and reset in an available yet in-depth structure for pastors, scholars, and laypeople. An introductory bankruptcy bargains with easy questions of authorship, heritage, and topics, then every one component of Scripture is said, observed by means of notes on goods within the textual content that want additional clarification.
"[Fee's observation on 1 and a pair of Timothy, Titus] . . . is perfect for college students, pastors, and academics. it's a version of readability and association and continually displays a sensible exam of exegetical concerns. certainly . . . i believe it's the best on hand [commentaries] at the pastoral epistles. Fee's ability in writing commentaries is as obvious during this quantity because it was once in his magisterial quantity on 1 Corinthians."
Â—Thomas R. Schreiner, Bethel Theological Seminary
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Additional resources for 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus
Inistered to his needs (1:16-18); others have gone out on ministries (4:10, 12); and at least one has aban- Introduction 13 doned him (4:10). Meanwhile the situation in Ephesus has worsened. Same, from whom Paul had expected better things, have deserted him and his gospel (1:15), and, despite his previous excommunication, Hymenaeus is still at work overthrowing the faith of many (2:17-18). In the midst of these circumstances Paul sends this second letter to Timothy. lt is a letter of many parts.
Failure to have had him circumcised would have been tantamount to supporting apostasy and thus would have effectively cut off Paul's mission as being to the "Jew first:' For Paul's own statements on missionary policy, see 1 Cor. 9:19-23. 3. The refusal to have the Gentile Titus circumcised is equally in keeping with 1 Cor. 9:19-23 (see note 2). In this case the gospel as freedom for Gentiles is at stake. In Paul's Christian world view, circumcision Notes: Introduction 27 of a Jew for ministry among Jews (Timothy) and circumcision of a Gentile in order to have standing with God as a believer (Titus) would be two radically different things.
This saving work is effected in the believer's life by the Holy Spirit, who both regenerates and renews (Titus 3:5-6) and enables for life and ministry (2 Tim. 1:67, 14). , 1 Tim. 1:5; 2:15b; Titus 2:12, 14; 3:8, 14). Finally, such a life is also lived in hope of promised eternal life (1 Tim. 1:16; 4:8, 10; 6:12; Titus 1:2; 3:7; 2 Tim. 1:10, 12; 2:10, 12a; 4:8, 18), which will be accomplished at Christ's second coming (1 Tim. 6:14; Titus 2:13; 2 Tim. 4:1, 8). If all of this is not as systematically set forth as some would like, and if some of it appears in slightly different language, there can be no question that the substance is what Paul elsewhere calls "my gospel:' And it is precisely this gospel that Timothy has been left in Ephesus to contend for, against the exclusivistic, ascetic, speculative teaching of the wayward elders and the disrepute that their behavior and greed is bringing to the gospel.